Dynamics of cumulative advantage and threats to equity in open science: a scoping review

« Open Science holds the promise to make scientific endeavours more inclusive, participatory, understandable, accessible and re-usable for large audiences. However, making processes open will not per se drive wide reuse or participation unless also accompanied by the capacity (in terms of knowledge, skills, financial resources, technological readiness and motivation) to do so. These capacities vary considerably across regions, institutions and demographics. Those advantaged by such factors will remain potentially privileged, putting Open Science’s agenda of inclusivity at risk of propagating conditions of ‘cumulative advantage’. With this paper, we systematically scope existing research addressing the question: ‘What evidence and discourse exists in the literature about the ways in which dynamics and structures of inequality could persist or be exacerbated in the transition to Open Science, across disciplines, regions and demographics?’ Aiming to synthesize findings, identify gaps in the literature and inform future research and policy, our results identify threats to equity associated with all aspects of Open Science, including Open Access, Open and FAIR Data, Open Methods, Open Evaluation, Citizen Science, as well as its interfaces with society, industry and policy. (…) »

source > royalsocietypublishing.org, Ross-Hellauer Tony, Reichmann Stefan, Cole Nicki Lisa, Fessl Angela, Klebel Thomas and Pontika Nancy 2022Dynamics of cumulative advantage and threats to equity in open science: a scoping reviewR. Soc. open sci.9211032211032 http://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.211032