Citation gaming induced by bibliometric evaluation: A country-level comparative analysis

« It is several years since national research evaluation systems around the globe started making use of quantitative indicators to measure the performance of researchers. Nevertheless, the effects on these systems on the behavior of the evaluated researchers are still largely unknown. For investigating this topic, we propose a new inwardness indicator able to gauge the degree of scientific self-referentiality of a country. (…) »

source >, Baccini A, De Nicolao G, Petrovich E (2019), PLoS ONE 14(9): e0221212.